aroha love, compassion, empathy, caring for others

hapū sub-tribe, clan

hongi touch noses when greeting each other

hui gathering, meeting

iwi tribe, people

iwitanga expression and celebration of those qualities that make an iwi or hapū unique

kaimahi worker

kaitiaki guardians

kaitiakitanga protection

karakia incantation, prayer

karanga call of welcome

kaumātua elder or elders

kaupapa plan, scheme, topic

koha donation, gift

kotahitanga partnership

kuia female elder or elders

mahi work

mana prestige, status

manaakitanga protection, blessings

manuhiri visitors

marae meeting area of whanau, hapū or iwi, community buildings

mātauranga Māori Māori knowledge

mauri life force

mihimihi greeting

paepae main speakers and place where they sit

Pākehā a person of predominantly European descent

poroporoaki farewell

pōwhiri, pōhiri welcome

reo language, voice

rohe geographical area, territory

rūnanga Māori tribal organisation, council

Ta utuutu the principle of reciprocity

tangata whenua hosts, people of the land, marae

tangihanga mourning, to cry, funeral

taonga tuku iho gift of the ancestors, precious heritage

tapu state of being set apart, sacred

tikanga Māori practices, protocols

tino rangatiratanga self-determination

urunga-tu participation

wairua soul, spirit

wānanga Māori tertiary institution

whakamā embarrassment, reticence, shyness

whakapapa genealogy

whānau family, extended family

whanaungatanga relationships, kinship


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